A Multi-component Matched Filter Cluster Confirmation Tool for eROSITA: Initial Application to the RASS and DES-SV Datasets

20 Jun 2017  ·  Klein M., Mohr J. J., Desai S., Israel H., Allam S., Benoit-Lévy A., Brooks D., Buckley-Geer E., Rosell A. Carnero, Kind M. Carrasco, Cunha C. E., da Costa L. N., Dietrich J. P., Eifler T. F., Evrard A. E., Frieman J., Gruen D., Gruendl R. A., Gutierrez G., Honscheid K., James D. J., Kuehn K., Lima M., Maia M. A. G., March M., Melchior P., Menanteau F., Miquel R., Plazas A. A., Reil K., Romer A. K., Sanchez E., Santiago B., Scarpine V., Schubnell M., Sevilla-Noarbe I., Smith M., Soares-Santos M., Sobreira F., Suchyta E., Swanson M. E. C., Tarle G., Collaboration the DES ·

We describe a multi-component matched filter cluster confirmation tool (MCMF) designed for the study of large X-ray source catalogs produced by the upcoming X-ray all-sky survey mission eROSITA. We apply the method to confirm a sample of 88 clusters with redshifts $0.05<z<0.8$ in the recently published 2RXS catalog from the ROSAT all-sky survey (RASS) over the 208 deg$^2$ region overlapped by the Dark Energy Survey (DES) science verification (DES-SV) dataset... In our pilot study, we examine all X-ray sources, regardless of their extent. Our method employs a multi-color red sequence (RS) algorithm that incorporates the X-ray count rate and peak position in determining the region of interest for followup and extracts the positionally and color weighted optical richness $\lambda_{\mathrm{MCMF}}$ as a function of redshift for each source. Peaks in the $\lambda_{\mathrm{MCMF}}$-redshift distribution are identified and used to extract photometric redshifts, richness and uncertainties. The significances of all optical counterparts are characterized using the distribution of richnesses defined along random lines of sight. These significances are used to extract cluster catalogs and to estimate the contamination by random superpositions of unassociated optical systems. The delivered photometric redshift accuracy is $\delta z / (1+z)=0.010$. We find a well defined X-ray luminosity-$\lambda_{\mathrm{MCMF}}$ relation with an intrinsic scatter of $\delta \ln(\lambda_\mathrm{MCMF}| L_\mathrm{x})=0.21$. Matching our catalog with the DES-SV redMaPPer catalog yields good agreement in redshift and richness estimates; comparing our catalog with the South Pole Telescope (SPT) selected clusters shows no inconsistencies. SPT clusters in our dataset are consistent with the high mass extension of the RASS based $\lambda_{\mathrm{MCMF}}$-mass relation read more

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Cosmology and Nongalactic Astrophysics