CF-HiZELS, a 10 deg$^2$ emission-line survey with spectroscopic follow-up: H\alpha, [OIII]+H\beta\ and [OII] luminosity functions at z=0.8, 1.4 and 2.2

11 May 2015  ·  Sobral David, Matthee Jorryt, Best Philip N., Smail Ian, Khostovan Ali A., Milvang-Jensen Bo, Kim Jae-Woo, Stott John, Calhau João, Nayyeri Hooshang, Mobasher Bahram ·

We present results from the largest contiguous narrow-band survey in the near-infrared. We have used WIRCam/CFHT and the lowOH2 filter (1.187$\pm$0.005 $\mu$m) to survey ~10 deg$^2$ of contiguous extragalactic sky in the SA22 field... A total of ~6000 candidate emission-line galaxies are found. We use deep ugrizJK data to obtain robust photometric redshifts. We combine our data with the High-redshift Emission Line Survey (HiZELS), explore spectroscopic surveys (VVDS, VIPERS) and obtain our own spectroscopic follow-up with KMOS, FMOS and MOSFIRE to derive large samples of high-redshift emission-line selected galaxies: 3471 H$\alpha$ emitters at z=0.8, 1343 [OIII]+H$\beta$ emitters at z=1.4 and 572 [OII] emitters at z=2.2. We probe co-moving volumes of >10$^6$ Mpc$^3$ and find significant over-densities, including an 8.5$\sigma$ (spectroscopically confirmed) over-density of H$\alpha$ emitters at z=0.81. We derive H$\alpha$, [OIII]+H$\beta$ and [OII] luminosity functions at z=0.8,1.4,2.2, respectively, and present implications for future surveys such as Euclid. Our uniquely large volumes/areas allow us to sub-divide the samples in thousands of randomised combinations of areas and provide a robust empirical measurement of sample/cosmic variance. We show that surveys for star-forming/emission-line galaxies at a depth similar to ours can only overcome cosmic-variance (errors <10%) if they are based on volumes >5x10$^{5}$ Mpc$^{3}$; errors on $L^*$ and $\phi^*$ due to sample (cosmic) variance on surveys probing ~10$^4$ Mpc$^{3}$ and ~10$^5$ Mpc$^{3}$ are typically very high: ~300% and ~40-60%, respectively. read more

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Astrophysics of Galaxies Cosmology and Nongalactic Astrophysics Instrumentation and Methods for Astrophysics