CosmoLattice

1 Feb 2021  ·  Daniel G. Figueroa, Adrien Florio, Francisco Torrenti, Wessel Valkenburg ·

This is the user manual for CosmoLattice, a modern package for lattice simulations of the dynamics of interacting scalar and gauge fields in an expanding universe. CosmoLattice incorporates a series of features that makes it very versatile and powerful: $i)$ it is written in C++ fully exploiting the object oriented programming paradigm, with a modular structure and a clear separation between the physics and the technical details, $ii)$ it is MPI-based and uses a discrete Fourier transform parallelized in multiple spatial dimensions, which makes it specially appropriate for probing scenarios with well-separated scales, running very high resolution simulations, or simply very long ones, $iii)$ it introduces its own symbolic language, defining field variables and operations over them, so that one can introduce differential equations and operators in a manner as close as possible to the continuum, $iv)$ it includes a library of numerical algorithms, ranging from $O(\delta t^2)$ to $O(\delta t^{10})$ methods, suitable for simulating global and gauge theories in an expanding grid, including the case of `self-consistent' expansion sourced by the fields themselves... Relevant observables are provided for each algorithm (e.g.~energy densities, field spectra, lattice snapshots) and we note that remarkably all our algorithms for gauge theories always respect the Gauss constraint to machine precision. In this manual we explain how to obtain and run CosmoLattice in a computer (let it be your laptop, desktop or a cluster). We introduce the general structure of the code and describe in detail the basic files that any user needs to handle. We explain how to implement any model characterized by a scalar potential and a set of scalar fields, either singlets or interacting with $U(1)$ and/or $SU(2)$ gauge fields. CosmoLattice is publicly available at www.cosmolattice.net. read more

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Cosmology and Nongalactic Astrophysics General Relativity and Quantum Cosmology High Energy Physics - Lattice High Energy Physics - Phenomenology