Distributed and parallel sparse convex optimization for radio interferometry with PURIFY

13 Dec 2019  ·  Pratley Luke, McEwen Jason D., d'Avezac Mayeul, Cai Xiaohao, Perez-Suarez David, Christidi Ilektra, Guichard Roland ·

Next generation radio interferometric telescopes are entering an era of big data with extremely large data sets. While these telescopes can observe the sky in higher sensitivity and resolution than before, computational challenges in image reconstruction need to be overcome to realize the potential of forthcoming telescopes... New methods in sparse image reconstruction and convex optimization techniques (cf. compressive sensing) have shown to produce higher fidelity reconstructions of simulations and real observations than traditional methods. This article presents distributed and parallel algorithms and implementations to perform sparse image reconstruction, with significant practical considerations that are important for implementing these algorithms for Big Data. We benchmark the algorithms presented, showing that they are considerably faster than their serial equivalents. We then pre-sample gridding kernels to scale the distributed algorithms to larger data sizes, showing application times for 1 Gb to 2.4 Tb data sets over 25 to 100 nodes for up to 50 billion visibilities, and find that the run-times for the distributed algorithms range from 100 milliseconds to 3 minutes per iteration. This work presents an important step in working towards computationally scalable and efficient algorithms and implementations that are needed to image observations of both extended and compact sources from next generation radio interferometers such as the SKA. The algorithms are implemented in the latest versions of the SOPT (https://github.com/astro-informatics/sopt) and PURIFY (https://github.com/astro-informatics/purify) software packages {(Versions 3.1.0)}, which have been released alongside of this article. read more

PDF Abstract
No code implementations yet. Submit your code now


Instrumentation and Methods for Astrophysics