Dressed diffusion and friction coefficients in inhomogeneous multicomponent self-gravitating systems

19 Jun 2017  ·  Heyvaerts Jean, Fouvry Jean-Baptiste, Chavanis Pierre-Henri, Pichon Christophe ·

General self-consistent expressions for the coefficients of diffusion and dynamical friction in a stable, bound, multicomponent self-gravitating and inhomogeneous system are derived. They account for the detailed dynamics of the colliding particles and their self-consistent dressing by collective gravitational interactions... The associated Fokker-Planck equation is shown to be fully consistent with the corresponding inhomogeneous Balescu-Lenard equation and, in the weak self-gravitating limit, to the inhomogeneous Landau equation. Hence it provides an alternative derivation to both and demonstrates their equivalence. The corresponding stochastic Langevin equations are presented: they can be a practical alternative to numerically solving the inhomogeneous Fokker-Planck and Balescu-Lenard equations. The present formalism allows for a self-consistent description of the secular evolution of different populations covering a spectrum of masses, with a proper accounting of the induced secular mass segregation, which should be of interest to various astrophysical contexts, from galactic centers to protostellar discs. read more

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Astrophysics of Galaxies Statistical Mechanics