Emergent Dark Energy, neutrinos and cosmological tensions

6 Jul 2020  ·  Weiqiang Yang, Eleonora Di Valentino, Supriya Pan, Olga Mena ·

The Phenomenologically Emergent Dark Energy model, a dark energy model with the same number of free parameters as the flat $\Lambda$CDM, has been proposed as a working example of a minimal model which can avoid the current cosmological tensions. A straightforward question is whether or not the inclusion of massive neutrinos and extra relativistic species may spoil such an appealing phenomenological alternative. We present the bounds on $M_{\nu}$ and $N_{\rm eff}$ and comment on the long standing $H_0$ and $\sigma_8$ tensions within this cosmological framework with a wealth of cosmological observations. Interestingly, we find, at $95\%$ confidence level, and with the most complete set of cosmological observations, $M_{\nu}\sim 0.21^{+0.15}_{-0.14}$ eV and $N_{\rm eff}= 3.03\pm 0.32$ i.e. an indication for a non-zero neutrino mass with a significance above $2\sigma$. The well known Hubble constant tension is considerably easened, with a significance always below the $2\sigma$ level.

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Cosmology and Nongalactic Astrophysics General Relativity and Quantum Cosmology