Escape of cosmic rays from the Galaxy and effects on the circumgalactic medium

11 Jan 2019  ·  Blasi P. GSSI, Amato E. INAF/Arcetri ·

The escape of cosmic rays from the Galaxy is expected to shape their spectrum inside the Galaxy. Yet, this phenomenon is very poorly understood and, in the absence of a physical description, it is usually modelled as free escape from a given boundary, typically located at a few kpc distance from the Galactic disc... We show that the assumption of free escape leads to the conclusion that the cosmic ray current propagating in the circumgalactic medium is responsible for a non resonant cosmic ray induced instability that in turn leads to the generation of a magnetic field of strength $\sim 2\times 10^{-8}$ Gauss on a scale $\sim 10$ kpc around our Galaxy. The self-generated diffusion produces large gradients in the particle pressure that induce a displacement of the intergalactic medium with velocity $\sim 10-100$ km/s. Cosmic rays are then carried away by advection. If the overdensity of the intergalactic gas in a region of size $\sim 10$ kpc around our Galaxy is $\gtrsim 100$ with respect to the cosmological baryon density $\Omega_{b}\rho_{cr}$, then the flux of high energy neutrinos as due to pion production becomes comparable with the flux of astrophysical neutrinos recently measured by IceCube. read more

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High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena