Galaxy clusters, type Ia supernovae and the fine structure constant

16 Aug 2016  ·  Holanda R. F. L., Busti V. C., Colaço L. R., Alcaniz J. S., Landau S. J. ·

As is well known, measurements of the Sunyaev-Zeldovich effect can be combined with observations of the X-ray surface brightness of galaxy clusters to estimate the angular diameter distance to these structures. In this paper, we show that this technique depends on the fine structure constant, $\alpha$... Therefore, if $\alpha$ is a time-dependent quantity, e.g., $\alpha=\alpha_0 \phi(z)$, where $\phi$ is a function of redshift, we argue that current data do not provide the real angular diameter distance, $D_{\rm{A}}(z)$, to the cluster but instead $D_A^{data}(z) = \phi(z)^2 D_{\rm{A}}(z)$. We use this result to derive constraints on a possible variation of $\alpha$ for a class of dilaton runaway models considering a sample of 25 measurements of $D_A^{data}(z)$ in redshift range $0.023 < z < 0.784$ and estimates of $D_{\rm{A}}(z)$ from current type Ia supernovae observations. We find no significant indication of variation of $\alpha$ with the present data. read more

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Cosmology and Nongalactic Astrophysics