Multi-Messenger Astronomy with Extremely Large Telescopes

11 Mar 2019  ·  Chornock Ryan, Cowperthwaite Philip S., Margutti Raffaella, Milisavljevic Dan, Alexander Kate D., Andreoni Igor, Arcavi Iair, Baldeschi Adriano, Barnes Jennifer, Bellm Eric, Beniamini Paz, Berger Edo, Berry Christopher P. L., Bianco Federica, Blanchard Peter K., Bloom Joshua S., Burke-Spolaor Sarah, Burns Eric, Carbone Dario, Cenko S. Bradley, Coppejans Deanne, Corsi Alessandra, Coughlin Michael, Drout Maria R., Eftekhari Tarraneh, Foley Ryan J., Fong Wen-fai, Fox Ori, Frail Dale A., Giannios Dimitrios, Golkhou V. Zach, Gomez Sebastian, Graham Melissa, Graur Or, Hajela Aprajita, Hallinan Gregg, Hanna Chad, Hotokezaka Kenta, Kalogera Vicky, Kasen Daniel, Kasliwal Mansi, Kathirgamaraju Adithan, Kerzendorf Wolfgang E., Kilpatrick Charles D., Laskar Tanmoy, Levesque Emily, MacFadyen Andrew, Macias Phillip, Margalit Ben, Matheson Thomas, Metzger Brian D., Miller Adam A., Modjaz Maryam, Murase Kohta, Murguia-Berthier Ariadna, Nissanke Samaya, Palmese Antonella, Pankow Chris, Paterson Kerry, Patton Locke, Perna Rosalba, Radice David, Ramirez-Ruiz Enrico, Rest Armin, Rho Jeonghee, Rojas-Bravo Cesar, Roth Nathaniel C., Safarzadeh Mohammad, Sand David, Sbarufatti Boris, Siegel Daniel M., Sironi Lorenzo, Soares-Santos Marcelle, Sravan Niharika, Starrfield Sumner, Street Rachel A., Stringfellow Guy S., Tchekhovskoy Alexander, Terreran Giacomo, Valenti Stefano, Villar V. Ashley, Wang Yihan, Wheeler J. Craig, Williams G. Grant, Zrake Jonathan ·

The field of time-domain astrophysics has entered the era of Multi-messenger Astronomy (MMA). One key science goal for the next decade (and beyond) will be to characterize gravitational wave (GW) and neutrino sources using the next generation of Extremely Large Telescopes (ELTs)... These studies will have a broad impact across astrophysics, informing our knowledge of the production and enrichment history of the heaviest chemical elements, constrain the dense matter equation of state, provide independent constraints on cosmology, increase our understanding of particle acceleration in shocks and jets, and study the lives of black holes in the universe. Future GW detectors will greatly improve their sensitivity during the coming decade, as will near-infrared telescopes capable of independently finding kilonovae from neutron star mergers. However, the electromagnetic counterparts to high-frequency (LIGO/Virgo band) GW sources will be distant and faint and thus demand ELT capabilities for characterization. ELTs will be important and necessary contributors to an advanced and complete multi-messenger network. read more

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High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena Cosmology and Nongalactic Astrophysics Solar and Stellar Astrophysics