New light on the Gaia DR2 parallax zero-point: influence of the asteroseismic approach, in and beyond the Kepler field

28 May 2019  ·  Khan Saniya, Miglio Andrea, Mosser Benoît, Arenou Frédéric, Belkacem Kévin, Brown Anthony G. A., Katz David, Casagrande Luca, Chaplin William J., Davies Guy R., Rendle Ben M., Rodrigues Thaíse S., Bossini Diego, Cantat-Gaudin Tristan, Elsworth Yvonne P., Girardi Leo, North Thomas S. H., Vallenari Antonella ·

The importance of studying the Gaia DR2 parallax zero-point by external means was underlined by Lindegren et al. (2018), and initiated by several works making use of Cepheids, eclipsing binaries, and asteroseismology. Despite a very efficient elimination of basic-angle variations, a small fluctuation remains and shows up as a small offset in the Gaia DR2 parallaxes... By combining astrometric, asteroseismic, spectroscopic, and photometric constraints, we undertake a new analysis of the Gaia parallax offset for nearly 3000 red-giant branch (RGB) and 2200 red clump (RC) stars observed by Kepler, as well as about 500 and 700 red giants (both RGB and RC) selected by the K2 Galactic Archaeology Program in campaigns 3 and 6. Engaging into a thorough comparison of the astrometric and asteroseismic parallaxes, we are able to highlight the influence of the asteroseismic method, and measure parallax offsets in the Kepler field that are compatible with independent estimates from literature and open clusters. Moreover, adding the K2 fields to our investigation allows us to retrieve a clear illustration of the positional dependence of the zero-point, in general agreement with the information provided by quasars. Lastly, we initiate a two-step methodology to make progress in the simultaneous calibration of the asteroseismic scaling relations and of the Gaia DR2 parallax offset, which will greatly benefit from the gain in precision with the third Data Release of Gaia. read more

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Solar and Stellar Astrophysics