Radiation-hydrodynamical modelling of underluminous type II plateau Supernovae

10 Oct 2016  ·  Pumo M. L., Zampieri L., Spiro S., Pastorello A., Benetti S., Cappellaro E., Manicò G., Turatto M. ·

With the aim of improving our knowledge about the nature of the progenitors of low-luminosity Type II plateau supernovae (LL SNe IIP), we made radiation-hydrodynamical models of the well-sampled LL SNe IIP 2003Z, 2008bk and 2009md. For these three SNe we infer explosion energies of $0.16$-$0.18$ foe, radii at explosion of $1.8$-$3.5 \times 10^{13}$ cm, and ejected masses of $10$-$11.3$\Msun... The estimated progenitor mass on the main sequence is in the range $\sim 13.2$-$15.1$\Msun\, for SN 2003Z and $\sim 11.4$-$12.9$\Msun\, for SNe 2008bk and 2009md, in agreement with estimates from observations of the progenitors. These results together with those for other LL SNe IIP modelled in the same way, enable us also to conduct a comparative study on this SN sub-group. The results suggest that: a) the progenitors of faint SNe IIP are slightly less massive and have less energetic explosions than those of intermediate-luminosity SNe IIP, b) both faint and intermediate-luminosity SNe IIP originate from low-energy explosions of red (or yellow) supergiant stars of low-to-intermediate mass, c) some faint objects may also be explained as electron-capture SNe from massive super-asymptotic giant branch stars, and d) LL SNe IIP form the underluminous tail of the SNe IIP family, where the main parameter "guiding" the distribution seems to be the ratio of the total explosion energy to the ejected mass. Further hydrodynamical studies should be performed and compared to a more extended sample of LL SNe IIP before drawing any conclusion on the relevance of fall-back to this class of events. read more

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High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena Solar and Stellar Astrophysics