Recurrent CME-like eruptions in emerging flux regions. I. On the mechanism of eruptions

28 Nov 2017  ·  Syntelis P., Archontis V., Tsinganos K. ·

We report on three-dimensional (3D) Magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) simulations of recurrent eruptions in emerging flux regions. We find that reconnection of sheared fieldlines, along the polarity inversion line of an emerging bipolar region, leads to the formation of a new magnetic structure, which adopts the shape of a magnetic flux rope during its rising motion... Initially, the flux rope undergoes a slow-rise phase and, eventually, it experiences a fast-rise phase and ejective eruption towards the outer solar atmosphere. In total, four eruptions occur during the evolution of the system. For the first eruption, our analysis indicates that the torus instability initiates the eruption and that tether-cutting reconnection of the fieldlines, which envelope the flux rope, triggers the rapid acceleration of the eruptive field. For the following eruptions, we conjecture that it is the interplay between tether-cutting reconnection and torus instability, which causes the onset of the various phases. We show the 3D shape of the erupting fields, focusing more on how magnetic fieldlines reconnect during the eruptions. We find that when the envelope fieldlines reconnect mainly with themselves, hot and dense plasma is transferred closer to the core of the erupting flux rope. The same area appears to be cooler and less dense when the envelope fieldlines reconnect with neighboring sheared fieldlines. The plasma density and temperature distribution, together with the rising speeds, the energies and the size of the erupting fields indicate that they may account for small-scale (mini) Coronal Mass Ejections (CMEs). read more

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Solar and Stellar Astrophysics