Relating the structure of dark matter halos to their assembly and environment

11 Mar 2020  ·  Yangyao Chen, H. J. Mo, Cheng Li, Huiyuan Wang, Xiaohu Yang, Youcai Zhang, Kai Wang ·

We use the ELUCID N-Body simulation to study the relation of structural properties of dark matter halos to their assembly history and environment. We find that the complexity of halo assembly histories can be well described by a small number of principal components. Using decision trees built with the random ensemble method, we find that the correlation between halo concentration and assembly history is tight: more than 60% of the variance in halo concentration can be explained by assembly history alone. Halo shape and spin parameters are found to depend not only on assembly history, but also on environment and initial condition, and these dependencies are not orthogonal. The structures of more massive halos depend more strongly on higher-order components of the assembly history. The relations between halo intrinsic properties and environment are weak compared to their variances, with the anisotropy of local tidal fields having the strongest correlation with halo properties. Our method of dimension reduction and regression can help simplify the characterization of the halo population and clarify the degeneracy among halo properties.

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Astrophysics of Galaxies Cosmology and Nongalactic Astrophysics