Stratification of canopy magnetic fields in a plage region. Constraints from a spatially-regularized weak-field approximation method

25 Jun 2020  ·  R. Morosin, J. de la Cruz Rodriguez, G. J. M. Vissers, R. Yadav ·

The role of magnetic fields in the chromospheric heating problem remains greatly unconstrained. Most theoretical predictions from numerical models rely on a magnetic configuration, field strength and connectivity whose details have not been well established with observational studies... High-resolution studies of chromospheric magnetic fields in plage are very scarce or non-existent in general. Our aim is to study the stratification of the magnetic field vector in plage regions. We use high-spatial resolution full-Stokes observations acquired with CRISP instrument at the Swedish 1-m Solar Telescope in the Mg I $\lambda$5173, Na I $\lambda$5896 and Ca II $\lambda$8542 lines. We have developed a spatially-regularized weak-field approximation (WFA) method based on the idea of spatial regularization. This method allows for a fast computation of magnetic field maps for an extended field of view. The fidelity of this new technique has been assessed using a snapshot from a realistic 3D magnetohydrodynamics simulation. We have derived the depth-stratification of the line-of-sight component of the magnetic field from the photosphere to the chromosphere in a plage region. The magnetic fields are concentrated in the intergranular lanes in the photosphere and expand horizontally toward the chromosphere, filling all the space and forming a canopy. Our results suggest that the lower boundary of this canopy must be located around 400-600 km from the photosphere. The mean canopy total magnetic field strength in the lower chromosphere ($z\approx760$ km) is 658 G. At $z=1160$ km we estimate $<B_\parallel>\approx 417$ G. We propose a modification to the WFA that improves its applicability to data with worse signal-to-noise ratio. These methods provide a quick and reliable way of studying multi-layer magnetic field observations without the many difficulties inherent to other inversion methods. read more

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