SUNBIRD: A simulation-based model for full-shape density-split clustering

28 Sep 2023  ·  Carolina Cuesta-Lazaro, Enrique Paillas, Sihan Yuan, Yan-Chuan Cai, Seshadri Nadathur, Will J. Percival, Florian Beutler, Arnaud de Mattia, Daniel Eisenstein, Daniel Forero-Sanchez, Nelson Padilla, Mathilde Pinon, Vanina Ruhlmann-Kleider, Ariel G. Sánchez, Georgios Valogiannis, Pauline Zarrouk ·

Combining galaxy clustering information from regions of different environmental densities can help break cosmological parameter degeneracies and access non-Gaussian information from the density field that is not readily captured by the standard two-point correlation function (2PCF) analyses. However, modelling these density-dependent statistics down to the non-linear regime has so far remained challenging. We present a simulation-based model that is able to capture the cosmological dependence of the full shape of the density-split clustering (DSC) statistics down to intra-halo scales. Our models are based on neural-network emulators that are trained on high-fidelity mock galaxy catalogues within an extended-$\Lambda$CDM framework, incorporating the effects of redshift-space, Alcock-Paczynski distortions and models of the halo-galaxy connection. Our models reach sub-percent level accuracy down to $1\,h^{-1}{\rm Mpc}$ and are robust against different choices of galaxy-halo connection modelling. When combined with the galaxy 2PCF, DSC can tighten the constraints on $\omega_{\rm cdm}$, $\sigma_8$, and $n_s$ by factors of 2.9, 1.9, and 2.1, respectively, compared to a 2PCF-only analysis. DSC additionally puts strong constraints on environment-based assembly bias parameters. Our code is made publicly available on Github.

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Cosmology and Nongalactic Astrophysics