The High Frequency Radio Emission of the Galactic Center Magnetar SGR J1745-29 During a Transitional Period

28 Nov 2017  ·  Gelfand Joseph D., Ransom Scott, Kouveliotou Chryssa, Granot Jonathan, van der Horst Alexander J., Zhang Guobao, Gogus Ersin, Roberts Mallory S. E., Ali Hend Al ·

The origin of the high-frequency radio emission detected from several magnetars is poorly understood. In this paper, we report the ~40 GHz properties of SGR J1745-29 as measured using Jansky Very Large Array (JVLA) and Robert C. Byrd Green Bank Telescope (GBT) observations between 2013 October 26 and 2014 May 31... Our analysis of a Q-band (45 GHz) GBT observation on 2014 April 10 resulted in the earliest detection of pulsed radio emission at high frequencies (>20 GHz); we found that the average pulse has a singly peaked profile with width ~75 ms (~2% of the 3.764 s pulse period) and an average pulsed flux density of ~100 mJy. We also detected very bright, short (<10 ms) single pulses during ~70% of this neutron star's rotations, and the peak flux densities of these bright pulses follow the same log-normal distribution as measured at 8.5 GHz. Additionally, our analysis of contemporaneous JVLA observations suggest that its 41/44 GHz flux density varied between ~1-4 mJy during this period, with a ~2x change observed on ~20 minute timescales during a JVLA observation on 2014 May 10. Such a drastic change over short time-scales is inconsistent with the radio emission resulting from a shock powered by the magnetar's supersonic motion through the surrounding medium, and instead is dominated by pulsed emission generated in its magnetosphere. read more

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High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena