WALLABY Early Science - I. The NGC 7162 Galaxy Group

30 Oct 2018  ·  Reynolds Tristan N., Westmeier Tobias, Staveley-Smith Lister, Elagali Ahmed, For Bi-Qing, Kleiner Dane, Koribalski Baerbel S., Lee-Waddell Karen, Madrid Juan P., Popping Attila, Rhee Jonghwan, Whiting Matthew, Wong O. Ivy, Davies Luke J. M., Driver Simon, Robotham Aaron, Allison James R., Bekiaris Georgios, Collier Jordan D., Heald George, Meyer Martin, Chippendale Aaron P., MacLeod Adam, Voronkov Maxim A. ·

We present Widefield ASKAP L-band Legacy All-sky Blind Survey (WALLABY) early science results from the Australian Square Kilometre Array Pathfinder (ASKAP) observations of the NGC 7162 galaxy group. We use archival HIPASS and Australia Telescope Compact Array (ATCA) observations of this group to validate the new ASKAP data and the data reduction pipeline ASKAPsoft... We detect six galaxies in the neutral hydrogen (HI) 21-cm line, expanding the NGC 7162 group membership from four to seven galaxies. Two of the new detections are also the first HI detections of the dwarf galaxies, AM 2159-434 and GALEXASC J220338.65-431128.7, for which we have measured velocities of $cz=2558$ and $cz=2727$ km s$^{-1}$, respectively. We confirm that there is extended HI emission around NGC 7162 possibly due to past interactions in the group as indicated by the $40^{\circ}$ offset between the kinematic and morphological major axes for NGC 7162A, and its HI richness. Taking advantage of the increased resolution (factor of $\sim1.5$) of the ASKAP data over archival ATCA observations, we fit a tilted ring model and use envelope tracing to determine the galaxies' rotation curves. Using these we estimate the dynamical masses and find, as expected, high dark matter fractions of $f_{\mathrm{DM}}\sim0.81-0.95$ for all group members. The ASKAP data are publicly available. read more

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Astrophysics of Galaxies